Reflecting with 7th graders

 

Merriam-Webster’s dictionary defines the the word reflect as “to think quietly and calmly”.  I’d go a step further and add that reflecting also involves some analysis of the topic: what went well? What didn’t? How could we improve?  Reflection is the process of taking a critical look at the things that we do and deciding if what we are doing is working or not.

As teachers, reflection is key to determining how successful we are at reaching our students both as learners and as people.  Are the students grasping concepts? Are they inspired to push topics further on their own? Are we presenting the material to them in an engaging manner? Are we building meaningful relationships with the kids in our room?  These are questions that I cycle through on a daily basis: during lessons, after lessons, between lessons, in the car, while running, while hiking, while sleeping.  Reflection is a sign that we are invested in learning how to get better at the things that we endeavor in.

As we approach the impending winter break, I wanted my students to engage in some reflective writing.  In English classes, we regularly reflect on books, essays and current events, but we rarely ask the students to reflect on themselves and the lives they are living.  On Friday, I had each of my Language Arts classes begin class with 5 minutes of reflective writing on the following topic:

“Think about the year 2017: what did you do or accomplish that you are most proud of? What could you have done better? What did you want to accomplish, but couldn’t? Finally, what is something that you want to achieve in 2018?”

In an attempt to show solidarity and take part in the activity as well, I told each of my classes that I summited three 14ers (14,000 foot peaks) last year while hiking in Colorado, and my goal this year was to do five or more.  Most of my students have never been hiking in the wilderness, so my response of course led into a longer-than-intended discussion about steepness, elevation and the time it takes to summit a mountain.  Also, a lot of kids wanted an explanation as to why anyone would WANT to hike a 14er.

Eventually I got them back on track and writing about the aforementioned topic, and I allowed students the opportunity to share their reflections. The overwhelming majority of the responses were things like:

“I made A/B Honor Roll.”

“I made better grades this year.”

“I improved my behavior.”

“I want to make all A’s next year.”

“I want to get in less trouble.”

Other than a few kids who mentioned goals related to sports, almost all of my students focused their reflections around issues concerning school.  I was a little surprised.  I suppose I had forgotten that a 12 or 13 year-old’s world is still relatively small.  The main focus of their lives at this point is school.  Because of their age, many of them haven’t yet developed outside interests like traveling, running, hiking, biking, sewing, cooking, dancing, yoga-ing and all the other things that we (adults) aspire to do during our free time.

As they grow older, my students will hopefully find time to explore hobbies and interests that will help make them more well-rounded people.  But right now, at this moment, school is their main squeeze.  And I have to remember that.  Teachers have to remember that.  For these kids – whether we like it or not – we play a significant part in their lives.  They are awake for 12 to 14 hours a day (hopefully not too much more than that), and we get to see them for 8 more hours of that time frame.  While I have a number of outside interests and personal goals aligned with them that I want to achieve, I have to remember that my students aren’t there yet. They have dreams and goals and aspirations, and they depend on my colleagues and I to help them reach them.

I realize it’s cliche, but this week reminded me of just how important teachers are to their students.  I know as teachers we all have crowded classrooms packed full of students, but we must not forget that they have only one of us.

As I look forward to 2018, my students’ reflections have led me to reflect, and I now have another resolution to add to my list for the upcoming year: be mindful every day of the role you play in the lives of all of your students.

 

 

 

 

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Using “Status of the Class” to learn more about our students’ reading habits

Reading Donalyn Miller’s Reading in the Wild two years ago was a game-changer for my Language Arts classroom. That book shifted the way my students engage with reading. Each week, my students receive allotted time in class to choose what they read; they explore new genres; they discover their favorite authors.  

In previous posts, I’ve already highlighted the numerous benefits that arise from giving students the space to read for pleasure in the classroom.  I’m not going to do that again here, but in short, kids need opportunities to get lost in books during class time.  For teachers, this means relinquishing some control and suppressing the urge to push state standards, but it’s integral to develop of a child’s literacy.

The reason I am writing today is to highlight a tool that I pulled from Miller’s book that I use every time my students read independently: “Status of the Class”, an activity that will hopefully one day eradicate the use of the dreaded reading logs. Nothing takes the fun out of reading more than having to fill out a mundane log in which you document the pages that were read and  then write a summary about it.  I don’t keep a reading log on my nightstand so that I can track my progress through a book, so I’m not going to make my students do it either.

Four simple words: Status. Of. The. Class.  I love this activity so much that I’m including a link to a free copy in this post.

Here is how it works:

I use a three-column table that contains the following information: student name, book title, page number, “I’m at the part where” and “A/N/S”.  For me, it’s way easier to type in the kids’ names for each class so that I don’t have to continue to handwrite them in each week; rather, I just print out copies and make sets for the days that my students will read independently.  

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I apologize for my slopping handwriting; sometimes it’s hard to write neat when quickly jotting down so many responses. Also, an “F” means that a student finished a book.

While students are reading for the pre-established amount of time, I circle the room and jot down the title of each child’s book.  As I enter in the titles, I go to the last column and put in either an A, N or S (A= abandoned, N = new, S = same).  If a student quits a book and starts another, I label that with an A.  If they are continuing with the same book from the last time we read I designate an S, and if they are starting a new book because they finished the one that they were reading previously I enter an N.  These three little letters offer an incredible amount of insight into my students’ reading habits.  As teachers, the progression that we most want to see is for students to go from an S to an N, as this means that they are reading books to completion.  However, the A’s really help me hone in on my struggling readers, and through short conversations I can learn why these students are leaving the books that they have started; furthermore, I can use their responses to help recommend different books and genres that might be more suited to these particular students.

Once the allotted time of independently reading comes to a close, the most fun part of this whole activity really begins, in my humble opinion.  Students take turns giving me two pieces of information: page number and “I’m at the part where…”.  I tell my kids that their “I’m at the part where…” should be a quick, short summary of what is going on in their books at this exact moment.  Hearing twenty-something students providing a small piece of their book’s plot is pure entertainment given the diversity of the responses. It’s also a quick and easy way to peak students’ interest into what their peers are currently reading.  After I’m finished with the whole class, I usually give the students a few minutes to discuss with a partner over something that they heard, and there’s rarely a dearth of conversation.  This whole process takes roughly 5 to 8 minutes.

While it seems obvious that getting the page numbers from the students is an easy way to track their progress, it also holds them accountable.  If a student reads just a page or two during a 15-minute independent reading segment, I can have a private conversation with them to figure out why they are not taking advantage of this time.

I hope that I have done a sufficient job of explaining and promoting “Status of the Class” as I think it is vital part of any independent reading program.  I have such a stronger understanding of my students’ reading tendencies through the use of this activity, and I will continue to employ it as my classes continue on their independent reading journeys this year.

A teacher’s reflection on Hurricane Irma

This week in Athens, Georgia was not normal by any measure of standards.  At about 2:30pm on Monday afternoon, Hurricane Irma arrived and wreaked havoc upon the city’s trees and power lines.  Fortunately, my home remained untouched from falling limbs; others were not so lucky.  I did however lose power at about 5pm on Monday, and I did not get it back until nearly 8pm Thursday evening, the same day that we returned to school after three days off due to widespread power outages.

One’s entertainment options become quite limited once electricity is removed from the equation: no television, no wifi, no Netflix.  Especially if that person – in this case me – possesses a cell phone plan that comes with a modest amount of LTE data before exorbitant fees are applied.  For nearly three days, the only choice afforded to me in my home in regards to amusement was reading.

I read Their Eyes Were Watching God by Zora Neale Hurston for the first time.  Somehow, I wasn’t assigned this text in high school, though in a way I feel blessed in this regard because I don’t think the 17-year-old version of myself would have appreciated this novel nearly as much as the 38-year-old person that I am today did.  Suddenly, the trials of being inconvenienced with using a headlamp to eat breakfast and keeping a cooler stocked with ice to prevent food spoilage paled in comparison with the plight of Janie Crawford in her lifelong quest to find true love.

Once I finished Hurston’s novel, I moved on to something lighter, a book called Blood Salt Water by Alex Morrow.  It’s a crime novel set in Scotland with the story being told through the eyes of a low-level gangster and the police officer that is trying to solve a homicide in which said gangster was involved.  I haven’t finished this book yet, probably due to the fact that my power came back on when I was still in the middle of it.  Instead of reading Thursday night, I spent my time watching Narcos and scanning through my Twitter feed for engaging lesson plan activities.

We live in an incredibly distracting world.  Televisions, computers, tablets and phones can make it nearly impossible to focus on just one task at a time.  I cannot imagine being a student in this era with so many potential diversions at our fingertips: social media, texting, email, games, etc.  When I was the same age that my students are today, I had a television and a Nintendo, both of which my parents could shut down with unbelievable ease.  If I was told to go to my room and read a book or do my homework, the only thing to do in my room was read or do homework.  I didn’t have a laptop or iPhone that I could use to watch just about anything my little heart desired.  Even today, I find myself at times struggling to read for extended period of times without unlocking my phone at least once. How difficult must this be for someone who is just 12 or 13 years old?

As I reflect on my experience from the past week in which reading was my primary activity throughout the day, I feel even more validated as a Language Arts teacher that carves out instruction time each week so that my students have a chance to just read.  The school year is young, and I’m still coaching my students through the process of independent reading from self-selected texts, but they are starting to get it.  The kids are exploring genres and learning that they do possess the reading stamina to get lost in a book for 15 to 20 minutes.  Through their written responses I can see that they are beginning to engage with the various characters and plot lines within their novels.

My students need time to learn to enjoy reading on a personal level, and after this week, I see that more than ever.  They need a chance to read without all the diversions that come along with today’s smartphones.  In addition to technological distractions, many of my students care for younger siblings from the time the bus drops them off at home to when they go to bed.  Most of them do not have access to rich and engaging texts in the house, and a lot of my students are not witnessing adults in their home model reading as something one does for pleasure.

As teachers, it’s our job to give our students these types of opportunities.  We cannot assume that students are getting the chance to read much on their own outside of school, and if you work at a Title I school like mine, you almost have to assume that they are not.      Our classroom should be a place where students can frequently experience the choice of reading something that aligns to their interests.

I’m not saying that we have to remove electricity and technology from the equation altogether, but we should give our students a chance to unplug and focus on just one thing at a time, especially reading.

 

Discussing race in the classroom

My 7th graders have begun the year with a focus on narrative writing as a way of easing them into the writing process.  They have a much easier time writing about themselves as opposed to argumentative writing where they have to formulate a thesis and support it with reasons and textual evidence.  As a teacher, I much prefer to start the year with narrative because it gives the kids a chance to feel successful early in regards to their writing, and let’s be honest, most 12 and 13-year-olds are not going to be found picketing outside of schools demanding that MORE writing be implemented into the curriculum.

On Thursday of this week, I used a StoryCorps episode called “Traffic Stop” to show my students that even though the story is spoken, it still contains all the major elements of a powerful narrative: entertaining beginning, critical character, setting, suspense, conflict, resolution and theme.  In this episode, Alex Landau speaks about his experience in 2009 of being severely beaten by several white cops in a suburb of Denver, Colorado.  The reason that Landau was beaten to within an inch of his life: he asked the policemen if they had a warrant.  Landau, who grew up with his adoptive white parents, said that this incident completely changed his perspective on how the world viewed him, and needless to say, it certainly left him fractured both inside and out.

TRAFFIC_Title_Card-636x358After we listened to Alex’s story, I had each of my classes identify all of the narrative elements in his story.  When we got to “resolution”, a hand shot up and a student said, “There kind of wasn’t a resolution.”

I’m a white teacher working in a middle school with a student body that is just 12% white.  I’m reminded of this fact every day when I look out at my students and see only one, two or none that look like me.  In all four of my classes that day, students pointed out that while Alex Landau’s story certainly had a strong theme, it didn’t have a resolution.  I asked my students if they thought the police would have reacted in the same manner if I had been in Landau’s shoes, to which they quickly replied in unison with a resounding “No!!!”.  I asked my students if they thought that was fair, and again my question was hammered back with another “No!!!”.  I told them that I agreed with them, and that it wasn’t fair, and that I hated that for them.

We then moved on to examine a model narrative written by an 8th grader in California called “The Racist Warehouse“.  The story is told from the perspective of a 13-year-old girl who is shopping for a new dryer with her mother in a completely white neighborhood.  They are discriminated against by the employees from the moment they enter the store as they are constantly being followed and monitored.  When the mother actually makes her purchase, they end up having to wait for nearly an hour before the dryer is finally loaded up onto their U-Haul.  They watch multiple groups of white customers get their purchases ahead of them, even though the narrator’s mother bought her item well in advance of these people.

My students KNEW what it felt like to be followed around a store or mall by employees or security guards.  They asked me if it had ever happened to me.  They wanted to know what I would do if I was in that situation: would I be mad?  Would I get an attitude after 55 minutes of waiting as the girl’s mother in the story had?

I told my classes that of course I would be angry, and that I’d probably write a strongly worded email to the company and demand some sort of compensation for the inconvenience.  I told them, though, that I had never been treated like that as a customer, and a girl in the back said, “Cause you white”.  I nodded in agreement.

The discussions we had that day in all of my classes were powerful, especially considering we were just a week removed from the events in Charlottesville, Virginia.  I want my students to feel like our classroom is a safe place where we can talk about race and social injustices.  I hate it that some of them have already experienced overt racism similar to the girl from California, and I’m heartbroken when I think about my students’ futures because I know that at some point many of them are going to be treated unjustly as they become young adults simply because of the color of their skin.  As a white male, I have no idea what that feels like.  As much as I try to connect with my students throughout the year and build relationships, the best I can do when it comes to matters of race is to empathize with them because I’ll never know that kind of discrimination.

Coincidentally, the theme from my classes on Thursday found its way into my cross country practice that afternoon.  My team typically runs in the woods across the street from the school, and I always have the kids wait until everyone gets done with the run so that we can all cross the road together.  Sometimes I have to jog back a bit to encourage some of the less talented runners to push themselves all the way to the finish.  As the last couple of runners and I joined everyone else at the road on Thursday, I noticed that my principal was among them.  Apparently a woman had driven by my team and immediately called the school to report potential gang activity happening across the street, and my principal was just coming out to confirm what she already suspected: that it was just my cross country team, which is mostly comprised of African-American and Latino students, doing exactly what they were instructed to do by their coach.

 

I hate the first day of school

One week of school is in the books.  Well, technically not a full week of classes since we started on Wednesday, but the amount of tired I am parallels the level of fatigue that normally sets in from a typical five-day week.

Let me just say that I do not like the first day of school.   I tossed and turned all Tuesday night and into the wee hours of Wednesday morning.  If I could ballpark the total amount of sleep I got that night, I’d say it was somewhere in the neighborhood of two hours.  This is my 6th year of teaching, yet having a restful evening the night before the opening day of school continues to elude me.  The first day of school contains far too many unknowns, which causes my angst-meter to skyrocket, making sleep impossible.  Bleary-eyed and sleep deprived, I arrived at my school roughly 40 minutes before the first bell.

In 7th grade, we have the kids for an hour and a half of what is called “extended homeroom”.  During that time, I have to greet students at the door, get them seated, introduce myself, assign them lockers, help them open the lockers, review the code of conduct, discuss rules and expectations for the 7th grade hallway, tell them the schedule, show them where they will eat lunch, and explain to them what we will do in case of a fire, tornado or lockdown procedure.  It’s an incredible amount of information to cram into 90 minutes, not too mention that I’m really stretching the limits of 7th grade attention spans by going over so much material in lecture format.  Most of my extended homeroom was spent showing students how to open their lockers, even though they had them on the 6th grade hallway.  After two or three failed attempts by a student, I would swoop in and work my magic.  When the locker opened, each kid would inevitably ask, “How did you do that?”, to which I simply replied, “I’m fly like that”.

But the two things I hate most about the first day is going over rules and expectations, and the fact that I do not know any of these 80-something faces looking at me.  Don’t get me wrong – I understand the value of reviewing the expectations that I have for the class along with the consequences that I will administer if those expectations are not met.  However, running through that same song and dance four times in a day becomes quite tedious.  I much rather prefer a normal class day where I talk WAY less and serve more as a facilitator to the students’ learning.

As I mentioned, the awkwardness of those first classes is unnerving; the kids don’t know me, and I don’t know them.  Neither of us is completely sure how the other is going to act or react.  The best part of teaching is the relationships that are built with students, but at this point those relationships have yet to form, and we are really just twenty-something strangers together in a room.

With all that being said, we made it.  Even though we are just three days into the year, I feel as though I know my students SO MUCH BETTER than I did a week ago.  Some of their personalities have begun to emerge through our discussions and interactions.  I can already tell that I have a lot of eager learners as well a handful of students who are going to be more difficult to reach.  Either way, I’m excited to begin working with all of them.

The highlight of the week for me came on the second day of homeroom when I read aloud to my kids for ten minutes from Sharon Flake’s Bang!.  For anyone unfamiliar with the book, it’s a pretty easy read that starts off with a bang (pun intended) as we learn immediately via a flashback how the narrator’s brother was shot and killed.  My students did an excellent job of listening and responding to the questions that I posed to them as I read.  When I finished, we talked about how much I valued the importance of giving them time in class to read books of their own choosing.  I told them that they were going to get opportunities to get lost in a variety of different genres over the next year.  We discussed the ways in which readers preview potential books, and how they set about choosing one to read.

Then the kids got out of their seats and perused my classroom library, which I am quite proud of, and chose a text that appealed to them.  Finally, my homeroom read independently for 6 minutes (we were pressed for time).  More than half of my students asked for bookmarks that they could personalize so that they could continue reading their book the next time we met.  On Friday, this same group read for nearly 10 minutes during the end of homeroom, and several more left bookmarks in their novels.  I couldn’t have been more pleased with how well this group dove right into the independent reading initiative in just two quick days.

Needless to say, my enthusiasm for the upcoming school year is high.

Why my classes don’t finish whole class novels

“We’re not going to be reading this book together as a class anymore this year,” I told my students after finishing up a chapter somewhere in the middle of Jordan Sonnenblick’s After Ever After.  We had read a little over half of the book together in class over the past 9 weeks, but the unit and quarter were coming to an end, and there just wasn’t time left to finish the rest of the novel.

“Why aren’t we going to finish the book?” a young man in the back asked.

I hadn’t reached this decision easily.  I knew my students would be confused as to why their teacher wasn’t going to finish reading a book to completion with them.  Most likely, this was the first time a teacher had proposed such a move. It felt as weird to me saying it as I imagine it did to my students hearing it.

“Remember I gave you all a poll last week in Google Classroom asking you if you wanted to continue with our regular independent reading times or just read the class novel together?” I said. “And over 87% of you said that you wanted to keep reading books of your own choice several days a week.”

Heads slowly began to nod.

“Well,” I continued. “If you want to read your own books in here, then we don’t have enough class time together to dedicate to reading the class novel to its entirety as well. However, if you would like to finish After Ever After, you can continue reading it during our scheduled independent reading times.”

My students appeared fairly satisfied with this logic.

Before I go on, I need to pause and set a little context in relation to my school.  I have one class set of each novel that we read together.  That means I have 25 copies each of After Ever After, A Long Walk to Water, The Giver and Bronx Masquerade.  I have over 80 students, which means that I cannot send home a copy of each book with each of them and assign reading homework each night.  It just can’t happen; our school doesn’t have the resources, and I cannot ask my students’ parents or guardians to purchase copies these books.  If my students are going to read those aforementioned texts, then the reading must occur in my classroom during school hours.  To be honest, reading our class novels eats up a lot of time – nearly 40% of it to be exact.

As I mentioned earlier, I had mixed feelings about not finishing our first novel of the year together as a class.  I was thrilled at how well the students had bought into the independent reading, but I also felt nervous about breaking course from such a commonplace practice in English classrooms as the class novel.  I feared my fellow Language Arts teachers on the hall would judge me when they learned that I had stopped at page 166 of Sonnenblick’s book instead of page 272 (where it ends), that I had cheated my students out of the experience of completing a book.

However, something interesting happened the next day in class when students went to grab their independent reading books for the work session: half of the students in each of my Language Arts classes grabbed a copy of After Ever After.  Most of these same students finished the book on their own over the course of the next few weeks.  We discussed the complicated and incredibly sad ending of Sonnenblick’s book individually as each student finished. I was flattered that so many students WANTED to finish reading this book that I chose for them.

As excited as I was to see half of my students devour the final 100+ pages of this novel, I was equally pleased by the decision of the other half to abandon it.  In my previous two years at this school, I had taken all my classes through After Ever After, from start to finish.  But these students who chose to read something else revealed to me what a great mistake I had been making.  For two years I had forced a number of my former students to persevere through a book that they were not enjoying.  Seeing this group of students leave our class novel behind so that they could continue reading their own books gave justification to our independent reading program.  I had provided my students with a glimpse into a novel, and then I had given them the choice to carry on with it or not, rather than dragging half of my rosters through a text that they were not engaged in.

I did the same “experiment” near the end of the second quarter with The Giver by Lois Lowry, and the results were even more astonishing: only 5 of my students in all of my classes opted to stay with the novel.  I immediately felt terrible about making prior students read the whole book; but, I again enjoyed a sense of vindication for my decision to prioritize independent reading this year as I watched the majority of my students leave The Giver behind so that they could move forward with their own texts.

While my classes will no longer read entire novels together, I do want to point out that I fully embrace and still plan to utilize them in my classroom.  Whole class novels are a wonderful way to introduce students to new genres.  They can also be used to teach or reinforce a host of complicated literary elements such as point of view, characterization, theme, setting, plot, etc., and if students are using the same text, they can work together to uncover meaning when dealing with these complex subjects.

But as critical as whole class novels can be to a curriculum, giving students choice and time to read books on their own is equally as important.  Next year my students will be exposed to four highly-engaging whole class novels, but the decision as to whether they finish them or not will be totally up to them.

 

 

Assessing independent reading without using the dreaded reading log

I read every single day.  During the school year, I typically read from a novel before going to sleep each night.  In the morning, I usually ingest news articles between bites of Cheerios and gulps of coffee before heading off to school.  Once summer hits,  I find multiple times throughout the day to leisurely read news, blogs and books.  I’m an English Language Arts teacher; I enjoy reading.

You know what would make reading unenjoyable?   If I had to write down the date, the title and the number of pages that I read along with a short summary.  I would hate to be forced to complete a reading log.  In theory, reading logs are intended to be used to hold students accountable for independent reading; they are meant to assure teachers and parents that their kids are in fact reading for 20 minutes a night in order to promote independent reading.  In reality, though, these logs are actually having the opposite affect on students.  Instead of encouraging an intrinsic love of reading in young people, reading logs inevitably make reading feel more like a chore, another thing that must be done, like making the bed.

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Want to remove the joy from reading?  Give your students one of these.

Reading logs take all the fun out of reading.  So why do we still use them in the classroom?  A big reason is the need for assessment, which typically comes with pressure from administrators.  Principals want to see proof that learning is occurring in the classroom. When students are all reading different books, the task of assessing that learning becomes trickier for the teacher.  But notice I said “trickier”, not impossible.  Reading logs are not the answer.   With a little creativity, we can get written responses from students in regards to what they are reading without the mundane request of “What happened in your book today?” (a staple question of any reading log).

I use a number of engaging closing strategies that illicit authentic responses from my students.  A lot of times, they don’t even realize they are being assessed; when it comes to talking about the characters and conflicts from their books, they want to respond.  Below are closers that I regularly use in my classroom to wrap up independent reading time:

  1. Give one piece of advice to a character in your book about a choice or decision that he or she made today.  Make sure that you explain to them why you are giving them this advice and how it is going to benefit him or her.
  2. Change something about a character in your book – it could be how he or she looks, feels or acts.  Explain why you are making this change to this character.
  3. Make a change to the plot of your book.  This change could be major or just something small.  Be sure to explain why you are changing this part of the story.
  4. Write about a scene that happened in your book today, but do it from the perspective of another character (in other words, not the narrator or protagonist).  How did he or she feel about what happened?  Why did he or she feel this way?
  5. Compare a character from your book to someone that you know in real life.  How are they similar?  How are they different?  Why did you choose to compare these two people?
  6. Compare a character from your book to a character from a novel that we have read together in class.  How are they similar?  How are they different?  
  7. Convince someone that he or she should read your book.  Why would he or she enjoy it?  Provide details from the story that help to support your claim. (This is a great one to use to reinforce those argumentative writing skills!)
  8. Pretend that you are a news reporter covering a scene from your book today.  Write a report explaining what occurred.  Where was it?  What happened?  Why? (This website allows students to create a realistic looking newspaper pdf file)
  9. Write a six-word summary about what you read today. (I love using six-word summaries in class!  Here is a great video to introduce this concept to students)
  10. Write a six to eight line rap that summarizes what you read today.  Make sure that the rhymes occur at the ends of each line. (I like making songs and rapping for my students, apologies in advance for the singing)
  11. Write a sentence using the following format: “Somebody wanted to…, but…, so…” (This is a super quick way to get students to write a response to what they have read, and it hits on key ELA skills like writing a succinct summary, using conjunctions, identifying conflicts and resolutions)
  12. Create a 3 to 5 question quiz over what you read today.  Each question must begin with either “How” or “Why”.

The aforementioned strategies can all be used to assess independent reading in the classroom.  And what’s more, I love reading the students’ responses to these questions, and they usually offer me chances to ask follow up questions that deepen our book discussions.  I don’t need a reading log to tell me that my kids are reading; I can tell by how earnestly a student provides genuine advice to a character from his or her book that that student is highly engaged in the novel.